Date of Birth:             Nov-30, 1874
Date of Death:              Jan 24, 1965
Prime Minister of England:         1940 – 1945 & 1951 – 1955
Political Party:            Conservative

Brief Summary:
He was best known as the Prime Minister of England who governed and led the country courageously during the Second World War.  His political career spans over 62 years.  In 1900 he launched his political career and narrowly won the election and since then, he was a Member of the Parliament till 1964.

With the outbreak of the Second World War and England deeply sucked into it, Churchill proved to be an able and tough Prime Minister who led the armed forces and the people of England to a decisive victory over Germany and its Axis powers.  His awe-inspiring speech “I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears, and sweat.  We shall defend
our island, whatever the cost may be, we shall fight on the beaches, we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills; we shall never surrender”,  goaded the whole of England to fight the Germans with rigor.  With the help of the USA, the Germans were overpowered and annihilated.  His term as Prime Minister ended right after the Second World War ended.  Again in 1951, he was re-elected as Prime Minister. Even his second term in office was not a bed of roses; it was marked with crisis as the British Empire began to crumble and lose its grip in the colonies around the world.  Crisis at home and crisis abroad marked his second term.  In spite of the difficulties he encountered, he was a popular Prime Minister.  In 1953, he was knighted by the Queen and he won the Nobel Prize for Literature.  He retired from active politics after he was paralyzed by a stroke.
As for his family life, he married Clementine Hozier in 1908.  They had five children : Diana,  Randolph, Sarah,  Marigold, and Mary.

Chruchill was not only a famous politician, he was also a prolific writer; he wrote several books that covered politics, war, literature, and painting.

On January 24, 1965, Churchill passed away after suffering a second major stroke.  He was laid to rest in his family grave in Woodstock, Oxfordshire.

A few quotes by Winston Churchill:
•A man does what he must — in spite of personal  consequences,  in spite of obstacles and dangers and pressures – and that is the basis of  all human morality.

•Courage is what it takes to stand up and speak; courage is also what it takes to sit down and listen.

•Difficulties mastered are opportunities won.


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