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Wednesday, December 2, 2020

Diabetes and Its Causes

India is the diabetes capital of the
world.   Studies conducted by the
Diabetes Federation estimates that by the year 2025 India will produce 70 million diabetics.  


When our body fails to convert
sugar into energy we become a diabetic.  Sugar (glucose) is important for our
body.  It’s like the petrol in a car or
motorbike, it fills us with energy.  If
this sugar levels in our body increase too much, it will affect all the organs
in our body.   There is a hormone in our pancreas called
insulin.  Its job is to convert sugar in
the foods we eat into energy.   If this
hormone fails to work properly, it will lead to diabetes.


 TYPES OF DIABETES :

Type-1: Our Pancreas, like the other organs in our body has cells, and if
these cells are destroyed, the insulin production grinds to a halt.  This is the cause of type-1 diabetes.


Type-2 :  Here, the receptors in our
cells fail to respond to insulin.  When
this happens, the pancreas goes into overdrive and exhausts itself.  This is the cause type-2 diabetes.


Gestation Diabetes :  Women can
acquire diabetes during or after pregnancy if their blood glucose levels shoots
up high. It is due to complications during or after childbirth.  Mothers can pass on this gestation diabetes
to their children.


 OTHER CAUSES OF DIABETES :

Obesity :  People who
have more fat content in their body (30% more) increase their chance of getting
diabetes.  The more fat a person has, the
more difficult it will make the insulin to work.

Malnutrition :  Low protein and fiber intake, and excessive
consumption of refined foods: White rice, White flour, macaroni, cakes,
cookies, jams, precooked foods, etc.
Lifestyle :  All
those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, without any room for physical exercise,
can easily acquire diabetes.  
Drugs
(medications) :
 We can acquire secondary diabetes through
certain drugs that we take.  These drugs interfere
with the glucose production and leads to diabetes.
Hypertension :  People
who suffer from high blood pressure run the risk of developing diabetes.
Stress :  Watch
out for stress! Those who live a stressful life – whether emotionally or
physically – may inadvertently laying the ground work for diabetes.
Parents to children :  If
your father or mother has diabetes chances of you getting it is high.   It is
due to the genes that diabetes is passed on to a family member or members.  Most the diabetic cases have one member in the
family with the disease.
Infection of the
Pancreas (pancreatitis) :
It
produces the insulin, and any infection to our pancreas results in poor
function or no function at all. When the pancreas is infected, it swells up.  Alcoholics are prone to the infection of
their pancreas.
Chemicals :  Certain
toxic metal like mercury, lead, and aluminum, etc., stick to the cells in our
Pancreas and slowly destroy them.  This
leads to diabetes.
  
TIPS TO AVOID DIABETES :
–        
Avoid deep-fried
foods
–        
Avoid
sweets of all kinds
–        
Water
– drink lots of it
–        
Eat on
time
–        
Eat
3-4 small meals
–        
Walk a
lot – not in barefoot
     –          If you are overweight, exercise and reduce it.
–        
Keep
your eyes examined
–        
File
your toenails – don’t cut them.
–        
Avoid
shoes that causes irritation
–        
Check
your feet at night just before you hit the sack (bed)
–        
Check
your blood pressure often
–        
Eat
lots of fiber and whole grains
–        
Meditate
daily
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