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                        SINGULAR
NOUN AND PLURAL NOUN
A singular
noun names one person, place, thing, or idea.  
A plural noun names more than one person, place, thing, or idea.

Here are
seven rules for forming plural nouns:

1.    To form the plural of most nouns,
just add – s.
Examples: cups  desks   hands  
fossils

2.    When the singular ends in s, sh, ch,
x, or z, add – es.
Examples:    addresses  churches    foxes   buzzes


3.    When the singular ends in o, add –
s.
Examples:   stereos      radios         solos
     Navajos
     Exceptions:  For
the following nouns ending in o, add – es.
     Examples:   echoes      heroes
      potatoes    tomatoes


4.    When the singular noun ends in y, with
a consonant before it, change the y to i and add – es.
Examples:       butterfly – butterflies            army – armies


5.    For most nouns ending in f or fe,
add – s.  For some nouns ending in f or
fe, however, change the f to v and add – es.
Examples:        
chief – chiefs    calf – calves     safe – safes     Shelf
– shelves


6.    Some nouns are the same for both
singular and plural.
Examples:    deer      sheep      trout      moose     bass


7. Some nouns form their plurals in special ways.
     Examples:  

     child – children                 man – men          mouse – mice

     Tooth – teeth                 goose – geese         foot
– feet


Exercise: Write the plurals for each of the following nouns.
1. tooth: ________ 2.
box: _________    3. woman: _____
4. auto: ________   
5. hero: ________    4. leaf:
________
5. thief: ________

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